Install Nginx on CentOS 9 Stream - Step by step guide ?

Install Nginx on CentOS 9 Stream - Step by step guide ?

Nginx (Engine X) is the most popular, powerful web server software that can be used on your server. It is also known for its high performance and low memory usage. In addition to its HTTP server capabilities, NGINX can also function as a proxy server for e-mail (IMAP, POP3, and SMTP) and a reverse proxy and load balancer for HTTP, TCP, and UDP servers.

Here at Fixwebnode, as part of our Server Management Services, we regularly help our Customers to perform related Nginx queries.

In this context, we shall look into how to install Nginx on CentOS 9 Stream.

 

Main features of Nginx include:

  • Reverse proxy with caching.
  • IPv6.
  • Load balancing.
  • FastCGI support with caching.
  • WebSockets.
  • Handling of static files, index files, and auto-indexing.
  • TLS/SSL with SNI.

 

Steps to Install and configure Nginx on CentOS 9 Stream

1. Perform System Update

To begin, ensure that your system is up-to-date with the below command:

$ sudo dnf update

 

2. Install Nginx on the system

By default, Nginx is available on the CentOS 9 Stream base repository. Now we run the following command to install Nginx to your system:

$ sudo dnf install nginx

Once the installation is complete, now enable Nginx (to start automatically upon system boot), start the webserver, and verify the status using the commands below:

$ sudo systemctl start nginx
$ sudo systemctl enable nginx
$ sudo systemctl status nginx

To verify the Nginx version, use the following command to confirm:

$ nginx -v

 

3. Configure Firewall

If your server is protected by a firewall you need to open both HTTP (80) and HTTPS (443) ports:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http 
$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
$ sudo firewall-cmd --reload 

 

4. Confirm Nginx Installation

Once successfully installed, open http://your-IP-address in your browser of choice, and you will see the default Nginx welcome page.

 

5. Nginx Configuration File's Structure

You don't need to configure Nginx upon installation. However, you should know the location of the configuration files and the Nginx root directory in case you need to modify the configuration:

  • Nginx configuration directory: /etc/nginx
  • Nginx root directory: /usr/share/nginx/html
  • Master/Global configuration file: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

 

[Need help in fixing Nginx configuration issues ? We can help you. ]

 


Conclusion

This article covers how to install the Nginx web server on CentOS 9 Stream. In fact, Nginx acts as a reverse proxy server and load balancer.

 

How to install Nginx on CentOS 8 ?

1. Install nginx package using the yum command on CentOS 8:

$ sudo yum update
$ sudo yum install nginx

2. Update firewall settings and open TCP port 80 and 443. Run:

$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https --add-service=http
$ sudo firewall-cmd --reload

 

How To Uninstall nginx on Ubuntu 21.04 ?

To uninstall only the nginx package we can use the following command:

$ sudo apt-get remove nginx

 

In this guide, you will learn the procedure to install Nginx web server on a CentOS Linux 8. Nginx [engine X] is a free and open-source high-performance web server.

 


icon

Sign up to our Newsletter

...and get one free support ticket.